Multiple Intelligence

 For ages we have believed that a new born baby is like a mass of clay and we can mould or sculpt it the way we want or rather the child can be groomed the way we want him to be.  Well that is not 100% true and not possible.  In many cases we see that the children have totally different interests than the parent.

The theory of Multiple Intelligence was for the first time proposed by Dr. Howard Gardner in 1983 in his famous book ‘Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligence’.  Dr. Gardner articulated several criterias for a behavior to be considered intelligence and he chose eight abilities to be called intelligences which are –

1.       Musical –rhythmic and harmonic

2.       Visual – Spatial

3.       Verbal – Linguistic

4.       Logical – Mathematical

5.       Bodily- Kinesthetic

6.       Interpersonal

7.       Intrapersonal

8.       Naturalistic

9.       Existential/Spiritual


1.       Musical –Rhythmic Intelligence –

Musical intelligence has to do with sensitivity to music sounds and rhymes.  People with high musical intelligence are usually good singers, Vocalist, Instrumentalist or Composers.


2.       Visual – Spatial – Intelligence -

Individuals with good Spatial Intelligence are able to visualize with the mind’s eye that is to visualize or see how some thing would look in an empty room.  Architects, Interiors, Designers, Civil Engineers are all examples of people who can be said to have good Spatial Intelligence.


3.       Logical – Mathematical Intelligence –

Dealing with abstract theories reasoning, logic and critical thinking are all different aspects of logical and mathematical intelligence.  Thus some individuals can understand the underlying principles or concepts of  a system where as others find it very difficult to understand a similar function.


4.       Body kinesthetic Intelligence –

Bodily kinesthetic Intelligence deals with control over bodily motions and their skillful co-ordination.  Individuals who have high body kinesthetic intelligence are usually good Sports person, Dancers, Actors, Athletics and Soldiers.

5.       Interpersonal Intelligence –

Interpersonal Intelligence has to do with interaction or socialization and includes Sales person, Politicians, Managers, Teachers and Counselors.  That is to say that these individuals have sensitivity to others moods, feeling, temperament and can read such feelings to adapt with such situations.  They are usually Leaders or Followers and communicate effectively.


6.       Intrapersonal Intelligence -  

Intrapersonal Intelligence is the capacity of individuals to self reflects or introspects.

It is deep understanding of one’s strengths and weaknesses.


7.       Naturalistic Intelligence –

Naturalistic Intelligence has to do with information regarding one’s natural surroundings and was very valuable in the past as hunters and gatherers.  Today it is of great help to Botanists who classify plants, animals, mountains, rocks etc.


8.       Existential –

This was earlier thought of as spiritual or religious intelligence.

Learning types

Learning types –

In our day to day life we have seen children imitate elders and get influenced by successful people.  The years have passed by, but we still tell stories of how our sons and daughters imitate the fathers going to work, mothers cook and the family looking after their pets and lawns.  These are just examples of how children learn from observation and listening but the same is not true about all the children.  We also see children learning advertisements word by word; no matter how fast they are only by listening. 

Studies have shown that everyone has different learning style.  It is important to understand the learning style of children as this best allows us to meet the needs of the child to gather information.  Individuals may have a single style or a combination of styles.

Following are the different types of learning styles.

1.      Visual Learners

2.      Auditory Learners

3.      Kinesthetic Learners

4.      Motive base Learners

5.      Concept based Learners

6.      Combination of learning style Ex. Audio/Visual Learners.

Visual Learners –

Visual learners are usually children who always rush for the first bench in the class as they learn by seeing not only what is written on the blackboards but also through the expressions or body movements of the teacher.  It is seen that a large population of children are visual learners and therefore benefit by the use of visual aids such as graphs, diagrams, slides, videos etc.

Visual learners have what we may call photographic memories and can remember everything that is seen by them.   Some children are able to bring back memories of pictures or events and reproduce them even after a long time has elapsed.  Therefore schools now stressed on an audio-visual approach and a DIY (Do It Yourself) practical training for teaching.  Nevertheless we need to remember that schools cater to many students at the same time and therefore the need/learning style of each student cannot be taken into consideration.

Auditory Learners –

Audio learners are good listeners and prefer to listen or hear material (lectures) or reading aloud.  They tempt to absorb more information through sounds, music, listening to recorded notes, studying in study groups.  These individuals can recall information at a later a time if the information has been heard or spoken rather than reading it.

.   Auditory learners are active listeners and tend to learn or memorize everything that they hear.  We all learn speech by listening and therefore if children are expose to an environment where multiple languages are spoken they tend to learn all the languages without any special effort. 

Kinesthetic Learners –

Kinesthetic learners are tactile learners and absorb information by experiencing or doing on our own.  They tempt to be touchers or fillers or enjoying touching, doing, moving.  They are usually good in excursions and field trips.  Hands on learning or Do It Yourself (DIY) are usually best method for kinesthetic learners.

Kinesthetic mode of learning relates to learning by practically doing.  That is rather than learn mechanics by reading and studying in class it actually helps to go out and use the levers and nuts and fit everything himself or herself.  

Further there are concepts based learners and motive base learners students usually show more willingness to learn if the motive of learning is clear.   For ex. A word problem in Maths relating to currencies, interest a child more when he knows that it relates to his day to day activity and will help him save money in future.

Concept based learners on the other hand are more interested in a scientific approach of how things function and its integrities research and development is easier for the student interested in pure sciences.

Brain & Fingers

 Through decades of research, scientists have found out that our fingerprints implicit the simultaneousness of the development between the fingers and human brains.

As is known, our left hand represents our right brain and right hand represents our left brain.

Left Finger

Right Finger

Inspiration of Leadership / Goal and Vision

Communication and Management / Planning and Judgement

Space and Mind Imagination / Thinking and Creativity

Logic and Inference / Language ability

Feeling of Touch / Art appreciation

Physical Recognition / Comprehension of Operation

Acoustic Feeling / Music Appreciation

Hearing Recognition / Comprehension of Language

Visual Feeling / Graphic Appreciation

Visual Recognition / Comprehension of Observation


The adjacent diagram shows the structure of the brain and its' functions.



State Boards

  • Every state in India has its own board and its own rules and regulations.
  • The examination is conducted by the State Education department at the end of Class X and XII.
  • These are recognized by all Indian Colleges and Universities.
  • Majorly all State Boards allows private candidates to appear directly for the SSC (10 th) exam.
  • The Tamil Nadu State Board allows private candidates to appear directly for HSC (12 th Std.)exam (those who have passed the SSLC or its equivalent) and also has a category for regular private candidates (those who have registered for the exam earlier but failed or were absent).
  • Candidates from other State Board also appear for the exams as private candidates provided they produce their migration certificates. Private candidates can appear only the subjects not involving practical.
  • The Maharashtra State Board also allows children to appear as external students but most people do not choose this option as the child has to do three languages compulsorily.
  • We need to do more localized research to find out about options available in other State Boards.

       Check this link to find out more about the recognized Indian Boards: boards


National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS)

  • NIOS is an open learning institution which caters to the needs of a diverse population of learners through open and distance learning.
  • It is also an examining and certifying authority by itself – just like the other National Boards.
  • It provides freedom to choose subjects and online registration.
  • There is no pre-qualification necessary for any course.
  • A candidate has to choose five subjects for which he/she can appear one at a time. A maximum time frame of five years is given to finish all the subjects/course from the time of registration.
  • It allows for transfer of credits (up to 2 subjects) from some other Boards
  • The courses offered are:
    • Open Basic Education (OBE)
    • Secondary School Certificate education to X th.
    • Senior Secondary Education to XII th.
    • Open Vocational Education
    • Life Enrichment Programmes – more for self-development, although some certificate courses have exams
  • Printed self- instructional study material are given to registered candidates.
  • There is no upper age limit for admission into NIOS courses.
  • It is recognized for admission into professional courses as well.

Options for homeschoolers: 

NIOS is a popular option for homeschoolers because of the flexibility it offers in both admission and choices of subjects.